The lupus which full name sounds as the systemic lupus erythematosus represents quite widespread serious illness of autoimmune type.
The short of an illness comes down to the fact that the organism perceives own cells as it foreign and begins to fight against them. As a result of this fight practically all internals and body tissues are injured.
It is remarkable that the vast majority of the diseased (about 90%) – women, and the first symptoms of a disease are shown at them at rather early age – 25-30 years.
Eruption in the form of a butterfly on a face – a typical symptom of a lupus at women
Quite often the lupus arises in time or immediately after pregnancy that allows to speak about participation in a course of a disease of women’s hormones.
Lupus – what illness is?
The exact causes of this dangerous disease are still unclear. As well as the majority of other autoimmune diseases, a lupus is transferred has family character.
Illness isn’t descended, but the risk to be ill with a lupus much above if the immediate family suffered from it. The lupus isn’t infectious therefore communication with sick hard currencies is absolutely safe for healthy people.
Many diseased in the past had allergic reactions to foodstuff or medicines, can play a certain role and genetic defects of immunity.
In most cases illness begins to be shown gradually. Patients note causeless delicacy, fatigability, temperature increase, severe joint pains.
Quite common symptom is the lupoid erythema — a rash on a face in a form reminding a butterfly, repeatedly amplifying at a bright sunlight. It is the most strong indication of a lupus both at women, and at men.
The further course of a disease goes wavy, at each subsequent stage the following can be added to symptoms of a lupus:
At women often a symptom of illness is the reddening of a zone of a decollete amplifying on hot or cold weather and also at nervousness.
Multiple rashes of a ring-shaped form with more acyanotic skin in a ring.
Inflammation of a mucosa of a nose and mouth.
Lesion of kidneys, liver, heart, brain and nervous system.
Muscle and joints pains, and also a hypersensibility of fingers to low temperatures.
Development of an anti-phospholipid syndrome. As phospholipids play an important role in creation of cells of an organism, disturbance of this mechanism can lead to the most sad consequences.
In case of any above-named symptoms it is necessary to see a doctor immediately.
The rheumatologist diagnoses a lupus and, according to the procedure developed by the American association of rheumatologists, the diagnosis a lupus can be made in case at the patient are brightly expressed at least 4 of below these symptoms of a lupus erythematosus:
Rash in the form of a butterfly.
Makulopapulezny eruption on cheeks in the form of a butterfly – a classical sign волчанкиСыпь in the form of rings.
Hypersensibility by a sunlight.
Defects of a skin around a nose and the patient’s mouth.
Emergence of joint pains.
Pleurites and perikardita.
Lesion of kidneys, determined by protein in urine or the accompanying hypertonia.
Neurologic and mental changes of behavior.
Depression of level of a hemoglobin, thrombopenia or leykotsitopeniya.
Changes in immune system: emergence in an organism of antibodies against own cells and antinuclear antibodies.
The task of the doctor consists not only in identification of signs of illness, but also in definition of its stage and assessment of a loss which she managed to put to an organism.
Patients with a systemic lupus erythematosus need constant observation at the doctor and prolonged continuous treatment.